Engineering & Applied Science

Displaying 11 - 20 of 454
What Can Twitter Reveal About People With ADHD? Penn Researchers Provide Answers
November 8, 2017
People with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder tend to tweet using words like “hate” or “disappointed,” messages related to lack of focus, self-regulation, intention and failure and expressions of mental, physical and emotional exhaustion, according to research from Sharath Guntuku, Lyle Ungar, J. Russell Ramsay and Raina Merchant.
Penn Researchers Working to Mimic Giant Clams to Enhance the Production of Biofuel
November 2, 2017
Alison Sweeney of the University of Pennsylvania has been studying giant clams since she was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Santa Barbara. These large mollusks, which anchor themselves to coral reefs in the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, can grow to up to three-feet long and weigh hundreds of pounds.
Penn Engineers Develop Filters That Use Nanoparticles to Prevent Slime Build-up
November 1, 2017
Filtration membranes are, at their core, sponge-like materials that have micro- or nanoscopically small pores. Unwanted chemicals, bacteria and even viruses are physically blocked by the maze of mesh, but liquids like water can make it through.
Geometry Plays an Important Role in How Cells Behave, Penn Researchers Report
October 31, 2017
Inspired by how geometry influences physical systems such as soft matter, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have revealed surprising insights into how the physics of molecules within a cell affect how the cell behaves.
Penn Engineering: Octopus Camouflage Is Inspiration for Soft Robots and Inflatable Displays
October 18, 2017
In a blink of an eye, an octopus can transform from a colorful creature to a drab pile of rocks and plant life, indistinguishable from the surface it’s perched on.  This camouflage relies on specialized pigment organs, but what makes the octopus unique among animals is its ability to change the texture of its skin. Previously flat stretches can bulge out in patterns that complete the illusion.
Penn Engineering Establishes Intel Center for Wireless Autonomous Systems
October 18, 2017
The University of Pennsylvania’s School of Engineering and Applied Science has established the Intel Center for Wireless Autonomous Systems. The research group, made possible by a three-year, $1.5 million gift from Intel, will investigate how robots and other machines can best wirelessly communicate with each other in high-stakes situations.
Penn Engineering to Develop Intelligent, Adaptive and Resilient Robot Teams with $27 Million Army Research Lab Grant
October 11, 2017
The United States Army Research Laboratory has awarded the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Engineering and Applied Science a five-year, $27 million grant to develop new methods of creating autonomous, intelligent, and resilient teams of robots.
Penn and KIST Researchers Offer Insights Into Lightweight Material That Expands With Heat
October 10, 2017
When it comes to taking up room without adding too much weight, the bubble can’t be beat. Because they are mostly air, they’re ultra-lightweight and can expand to fill any given space. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with researchers from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology recently found a way to exploit these properties of bubbles to create “microbombs,” a type of material that expands with heat to form “microclusters,” which fit themselves to fill their physical confinement.
Penn Team Shows How Seemingly Acute Viral Infections Can Persist
October 6, 2017
Infections caused by viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV, measles, parainfluenza and Ebola, are typically considered acute. These viruses cause disease quickly and live within a host for a limited time. But in some cases the effects of the infection, and presence of the virus itself, can persist. RSV, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory problems, measles can lead to encephalitis and the Ebola virus can be transmitted by patients thought to be cured of the disease.
Penn Engineering Launches A. James Clark Scholars Program with $15M gift from the A. James and Alice B. Clark Foundation
September 25, 2017
The A. James Clark Scholars Program has been established in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Pennsylvania with an extraordinary $15 million gift from the A. James & Alice B. Clark Foundation. It is the largest one-time gift to undergraduate support in the University’s history. The Clark Scholars Program will provide financial aid and create a new academic program for undergraduate engineering students.