Medicine

Displaying 11 - 20 of 879 articles
Weekly Fish Consumption Linked to Better Sleep, Higher IQ, Penn Study Finds
December 21, 2017
Regular fish consumption has been shown to improve cognition. It’s also been known to help with sleep. A new study, conducted by Jianghong Liu, Jennifer Pinto-Martin and Alexandra Hanlon of the School of Nursing and PIK Professor Adrian Raine, connects all three for the first time. The research team found that children who eat fish at least once a week sleep better and have higher IQs by an average of 4 points.
Commonalities in Late Stages of Different Inherited Blinding Diseases Suggest Targets for Therapy
December 20, 2017
Gene therapy holds promise for treating a variety of diseases, including some inherited blinding conditions. But for a gene therapy to be effective, one must know the precise gene responsible for a given individual’s disorder and develop a tailored treatment. For diseases that may be caused by mutations in many different genes, developing individual gene therapy approaches can be prohibitively costly and time-intensive to pursue.
LGBQ Adolescents at Much Greater Risk of Suicide than Heterosexual Counterparts
December 19, 2017
In the Journal of the American Medical Association, May Wharton graduate Theodore L. Caputi published findings showing that adolescents who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or questioning are much more likely to consider, plan or attempt suicide than their heterosexual peers. Though similar conclusions have been reported, Caputi and colleagues used a unique methodology that updates the findings in a new way.
Coalition Seeks to Increase Transparency on Life Sciences Career Prospects
December 14, 2017
Nine American research universities and a major cancer institute today announced plans to give would-be life scientists clear, standardized data on graduate school admissions, education and training opportunities and career prospects. The institutions formed the Coalition for Next Generation Life Science in response to the focus of many new Ph.D.s. solely on a limited number of traditional faculty positions and to the lack of good marketplace information on training and career options for talented life scientists.
Penn Students Take on Peace, Water and Climate, First in Norway and Next in Ghana
December 11, 2017
One way to learn about climate change is to read about it, exploring the scientific literature, perusing science news and combing through reams of relevant data. Another way is to experience it firsthand. A trio of University of Pennsylvania students elected for the latter approach during the International Youth Peace Conference, held this fall in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway.
New Penn Method of Stabilizing Peptides Opens the Door to Better Therapeutic and Imaging Techniques
December 6, 2017
For many people with advanced Type 2 diabetes, taking insulin is a regular part of their routine, helping them control their blood sugar by signaling the metabolism of glucose. But recently, researchers have been investigating GLP-1, a peptide that gets activated when people eat, triggering insulin through a more natural pathway.
Seeing Isn’t Believing: Penn Biologists Show How to Shut Off Hunger ‘Alarm System’
December 5, 2017
Imagine you’re in a restaurant, hungry, anxious and a bit irritable awaiting your food order to arrive at the table. The server exits the kitchen with a tray full of steaming plates and a flood of relief washes over you. But the server ferries the food right past you to another table, and the unpleasant sensation of hunger returns — at least until you take the first bite of your very own meal.
New Dental Material Resists Plaque and Kills Microbes, Penn Dental Team Finds
December 4, 2017
Dentists rely on composite materials to perform restorative procedures, such as filling cavities. Yet these materials, like tooth enamel, can be vulnerable to the growth of plaque, the sticky biofilm that leads to tooth decay.
Penn Neuroscientists Construct First Whole-brain Map Showing Electrical Connections Key to Forming Memories
November 22, 2017
A team of neuroscientists at the University of Pennsylvania has constructed the first whole-brain map of electrical connectivity in the brain based on data from nearly 300 neurosurgical patients with electrodes implanted directly on the brain. The researchers found that low-frequency rhythms of brain activity, when brain waves move up and down slowly, primarily drive communication between the frontal, temporal and medial temporal lobes, key brain regions that engage during memory processing. 
Four Penn Professors Among 2017 Class of AAAS Fellows
November 20, 2017
Four members of the University of Pennsylvania faculty have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Election as an AAAS Fellow is an honor bestowed upon members of AAAS, the world’s largest general scientific society, by their peers.